Vinegar is a condiment liquid ("sour wine") resulting from the oxidation of wine or an alcoholic solution.The origin of vinegar is surely as old as that of wine. The Bible mentions vinegar and we know that the Greeks and the Romans attribute medicinal properties to it. The legionaries in turn drink vinegar with water. In the 14th century, Orleans, a large wine transport center, very early became an important vinegar production center where the corporation of vinegar makers was created in 1394. Until the 17th century, vinegar was a by-product of the production of wine and beer. With the discovery of fermentation by Louis Pasteur in 1865, vinegar makers can produce huge quantities of vinegar in less than 24 hours.